rome, also known as the eternal city, is one of the most famous tourist destinations in the world. the city is rich in history, art, culture, and, of course, breathtaking landscapes. in this guide, we will examine some of the most beautiful landscapes in rome, from historical landmarks to fountains and gardens.
the colosseum, located in the heart of rome, is one of the city’s most famous landmarks. this imposing amphitheater, which can hold up to 50,000 spectators, was built in the 70-80 ad and hosted a variety of public performances, including gladiator fights and theatrical productions. today, the colosseum is one of rome’s most iconic symbols and is one of the world’s most visited tourist attractions.
not far from the colosseum is the pantheon, one of the most famous ancient roman buildings. built in 118-128 ad, the pantheon is a temple dedicated to all the gods of roman mythology. the building is famous for its round dome, which has an opening at the center called the oculus, which lets in sunlight. the pantheon is also famous for its impressive portico with corinthian columns. today, the pantheon is still in use as a catholic church and is open to the public for visits.
the capitoline hill is a hill located in the center of rome, which has long been the city’s political, religious, and social center. in the background of the capitoline hill are some of rome’s most famous tourist attractions, such as the capitoline, the mausoleum of augustus, and the capitoline museum.
the capitoline is the site of the temple of jupiter capitolinus, which was later converted into a catholic church during the middle ages. today, the capitoline is the seat of the rome city council and also hosts the capitoline museum, which is one of the world’s most important art museums.
the mausoleum of augustus is another tourist attraction located on the capitoline hill. this funerary monument was built to honor the first roman emperor, augustus, and houses his remains. the mausoleum of augustus is also famous for its architectural style, which has inspired many other buildings around the world.
the orange garden, located on the gianicolo hill, offers a breathtaking panoramic view of the city of rome. this garden is a perfect place to walk and admire the beauty of rome, especially at sunset. the garden also features numerous fountains and statues, including the aqua paola fountain, which was built in 1715.
the marcellus theater is another place that offers a breathtaking panoramic view of the city. this theater, which can hold up to 20,000 spectators, was built in 1 bc and hosted a variety of public performances, including theatrical productions and gladiator fights. today, the marcellus theater is still in use for cultural events and live performances.
the trevi fountain is probably the most famous fountain in rome. located in the trevi neighborhood, this fountain was built in 1762 and has become an iconic symbol of the city. the trevi fountain is famous for its marble sculpture, which depicts the sea god neptune being pulled by two sea horses. it is said that throwing a coin in the fountain brings luck and ensures a return to rome.
the pantheon is another famous tourist attraction in rome, located in the navona neighborhood. built in 118-128 ad, the pantheon is a temple dedicated to all the gods of roman mythology. the building is famous for its round dome, which has an opening at the center called the oculus, which lets in sunlight. the pantheon is also famous for its impressive portico with corinthian columns. today, the pantheon is still in use as a catholic church and is open to the public for visits.
castello sant’angelo is a fortress located along the tiber river that was built as a mausoleum for the roman emperor hadrian in 135 ad. today, castello sant’angelo hosts the national museum of castello sant’angelo, which exhibits artworks and historical objects from the roman era. the fortress is also famous for its architecture, which combines roman and medieval elements.
the sant’angelo bridge is a bridge that crosses the tiber river and connects castello sant’angelo to the city. the bridge was built in 134 ad and originally served as a access road to the mausoleum of hadrian. today, the sant’angelo bridge is famous for its statues of angels, which were added in the 17th century.
the vatican is the smallest neighborhood in the world, but it is also the spiritual center of christianity. the vatican city is the seat of the pope and the roman curia, and also hosts some of rome’s most famous tourist attractions, such as st. peter’s basilica and the vatican museum.
st. peter’s basilica is the most important catholic church in the world and one of rome’s most famous landmarks. built in 1506, the basilica is famous for its baroque architecture and the artworks it houses, such as michelangelo’s pietà. the basilica is open to the public for visits and is also the venue for numerous religious and cultural events.
the vatican museum is another must-see for art lovers. housed within the vatican, the museum exhibits works of art by famous artists such as michelangelo, leonardo da vinci, and raphael. the museum is also famous for its collection of roman antiques and the sistine chapel, which houses some of michelangelo’s most famous works.
rome is a city rich in history, art, and breathtaking landscapes. this guide has examined some of the city’s most famous tourist attractions, such as the colosseum, the pantheon, the capitoline hill, the orange garden, the marcellus theater, the trevi fountain, castello sant’angelo, the sant’angelo bridge, the vatican, and st. peter’s. each of these places offers a unique opportunity to admire the beauty of the eternal city and discover the history and culture of rome. if you have the opportunity to visit this wonderful city, do not miss the chance to explore its landscapes and tourist attractions.